My research program integrates the following three themes.
(1) The Interactive Acculturation Model proposes that integration policies adopted by governments at the national and local levels can both reflect and influence the acculturation orientations adopted by host majority and immigrant communities in multiethnic societies. Relational outcomes can be harmonious, problematic or conflictual depending on the concordant/discordant acculturation orientations endorsed by dominant host majority members and immigrant communities. Welcoming host majority acculturation orientations towards immigrants are integrationism, integration-transformation and individualistim, while less welcoming ones are assimilationism, segregationism and exclusionism. Immigrant acculturation orientations are integration,individualism, assimilation, separation and marginalisation. Studies using the host and immigrant acculturation scales in Canada, U.S. and Europe show that acculturation orientations endorsed by host majorities and immigrant minorities have distinct psychological profiles, contrasting political affiliations and individual networks of ethnic contacts.
(2) Using the minimal group paradigm we explore the parity and discriminatory behaviors of group members whose sociostructural position varies as dominant/subordinate, high/low status and rich/poor groups within illegitimate/unstable intergroup structures. Social identity theory, equity theory, interdependence and self-interest are examined as competing/complementary explanations of the minimal group discrimination effects. Recent studies show that the parity and discriminatory behaviors of rich and poor group members depend on experimental wealth stratification based on group chance vs group merit vs individual merit legitimizations ideologies.
(3) Research dealing with cross-cultural communication is guided mainly by Communication Accommodation Theory. Studies explore the role of ingroup identification, subjective vitality perceptions, personal goals to improve group vitality and linguicism as factors related to language attitudes, bilingual language use and acculturation orientations in multilingual settings. Recent studies explored the impact of state language policies and type of single vs dual linguistic/cultural identification on the bilingual language use of minority/majority language groups in Canada and Spain.
Richard Bourhis is a fellow of the Society for Experimental Social Psychology, the Canadian Psychological Association and the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues. He received the Robert C. Gardner Award for outstanding Research in bilingualism from the International Association of Language and Social Psychology and was finalist for the Canadian Race Relations Foundation award of excellence in anti-racism in Canada. He was director of the Concordia-UQAM Chair in Ethnic Studies from 1996 to 2006 and director of the Centre des etudes ethniques des universites montrealaises (CEETUM) at the Universite de Montreal from 2006 to 2009. In 2010 he was awarded a doctorate 'honoris causa' at Université de Lorraine in France and was elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 2012.
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- Bourhis, R.Y. (2012) (Ed.). Decline and Prospects of the English-Speaking Communities of Quebec. Ottawa: Canadian Heritage.(pp. 398)
- Amiot, C., & Bourhis, R. Y. (2005). Ideological beliefs as determinants of discrimination in positive and negative outcome distributions. European Journal of Social Psychology, 35, 581-598.
- Bourhis, R. Y., Barrette, G., El-Geledi, S., & Schmidt, R. (2009). Acculturation orientations and social relations between immigrants and host community members in California. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 40, 443-467.
- Bourhis, R.Y. , Barrette, G. & Moriconi, P.A. (2008). Appartenance nationale et orientations d'acculturation au Québec. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 40, 90-103.
- Bourhis, R.Y., Moise, L.C., Perreault, S. & Senecal, S. (1997). Towards an interactive acculturation model: A Social Psychological Approach. International Journal of Psychology, 32, 369-386. Included in 2015 electronic issue of the ten most cited articles of the International Journal of Psychology: 50th Anniversary Issue.
- Bourhis, R. Y., Montaruli, E., & Amiot, C. (2007). Language planning and French-English bilingual communication: Montreal field studies from 1977-1997. International Journal of the Sociology of Language, 185, 187-224.
- Bourhis, R. Y., Montaruli, E., El-Geledi,S., Harvey, S. P., & Barrette, G. (2010). Acculturation in multiple host community settings. Journal of Social Issues, 66, 780-802.
- Brauer, M., & Bourhis, R. Y. (2006) (Eds.). Social power. European Journal of Social Psychology, 36, 601-616.
- El-Geledi, S., & Bourhis, R. Y. (2012). Testing the impact of the Islamic veil on intergroup attitudes and host community acculturation orientations toward Arab Muslims. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 36, 694-706.
- Harvey, S.P. & Bourhis, R.Y. (2013). Discrimination between the rich and the poor under contrasting conditions of wealth stratification. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 43, Issue Supplement S2, E351-E366.
- Harvey, S. P., & Bourhis, R. Y. (2012). Discrimination in wealth and power structures. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 15, 21-38.
- Larranaga, N., Garcia, I., Azurmendi, M. & Bourhis, R.Y. (2016). Identity and acculturation: interethnic relations in the Basque Autonomous Community. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development. 37, 131-149.
- Montaruli, E., Bourhis, R. Y., & Azurmendi, M. J. (2011). Identity, language, and ethnic relations in the Bilingual Autonomous Communities of Spain. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 15, 94-121.
- Safdar, S., Dupuis, D., Lewis,R., El-Geledi,S. & Bourhis, R.Y. (2008). Social axioms and acculturation orientations of English Canadians toward British and Arab Muslim immigrants. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 32, 415-426.
- Sioufi, R. Bourhis, R.Y. & Allard, R. (2016). Vitality and ethnolinguistic attitudes of Acadians, Franco-Ontarians and Francophone Quebecers: two or three solitudes in Canada's bilingual belt? Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 37, 385-401.
- Bourhis, R.Y., Dayan, J., & Sioufi, R. (2013). Political identification and acculturation orientations towards valued and devalued minorities in Israel. In: E. Tartakovsky (Ed.). Immigration: policies, challenges and impacts. Hauppauge, NewYork: Nova Science Publishers. (pp 115-140).
- Bourhis, R. Y., El-Geledi, S., & Sachdev, I. (2007). Language, ethnicity and intergroup relations. In A. Weatherall, B. Watson & C. Galois (Eds.), Language, discourse and social psychology (pp. 15-50). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
- Bourhis, R. Y., & Harvey, S. P. (2010). Intergroup allocation bias. In J. M. Levine & M. A. Hogg (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Group Processes and Intergroup Relations (Vol. 1, pp. 445-448). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
- Bourhis, R.Y. & Montreuil, A. (2017). Acculturation, Vitality, and Bilingual Healthcare. In S.J. Schwartz and J. Unger (Eds.). The Oxford Handbook of Acculturation and Health. (in press).
- Bourhis, R. Y., Sioufi, R., & Sachdev, I. (2012). Ethnolinguistic interaction and multilingual communication. In H. Giles (Ed.), The Handbook of Intergroup Communication (pp 100-115). New York: Routledge Taylor & Francis.
- Contemporary Problems in Social Psychology
- Psychology of Intergroup Relations
- Psychology, Culture and Ethnicity
Richard Y. Bourhis
Department of Psychology
UQAM, C.P. 8888, Succ.Centre-ville
Universite du Quebec a Montreal
Montréal, Quebec H3C 3P8
- Work: (514) 987-3000, ext. 4852
- Home: (514) 931-8475
- Fax: (514) 987-7953