Social Psychology Network

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Richard Y. Bourhis

Richard Y. Bourhis

My research program integrates the following three themes.

(1) Using the minimal group paradigm I explore the parity and discriminatory behaviors of group members whose sociostructural position varies as dominant/subordinate, high/low status and rich/poor groups within illegitimate/unstable intergroup structures. Social Identity Theory, interdependence and self-interest are examined as competing/complementary explanations of the minimal group discrimination effect along with the role of social dominance orientation.

(2) The Interactive Acculturation Model proposes that integration policies adopted by governments at the national and local levels can both reflect and influence the acculturation orientations adopted by host majority and immigrant communities in multiethnic societies. Current research with the host community acculturation scale shows that relational outcomes can be harmonious, problematic or conflictual depending on the concordant/discordant acculturation orientations endorsed by dominant host majority members and valued/devalued immigrant communities.

(3) Research dealing with cross-cultural communication is guided mainly by Communication Accommodation Theory and explores the role of ingroup identification, linguistic prejudice, subjective vitality perceptions and personal goals to improve group vitality as factors related to language attitudes and bilingual language use in multilingual settings. Recent public policy analyses have dealt with the impact of state language policies on the maintenance and shift of minority/majority languages in Canada and Spain.

Richard Bourhis is a member of the Society for Experimental Social Psychology and is Fellow of the Canadian Psychological Association and the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues. He received the Robert C. Gardner Award for outstanding Research in bilingualism from the International Association of Language and Social Psychology and was finalist for the Canadian Race Relations Foundation award of excellence in anti-racism in Canada. He was director of the Concordia-UQAM Chair in Ethnic Studies from 1996 to 2006 and Director of the Centre des etudes ethniques des universites montrealaises (CEETUM) at the Universite de Montreal from 2006 to 2009. In 2010 he was awarded a doctorate 'honoris causa' at Université de Lorraine-Metz in France and was elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 2012.

Primary Interests:

  • Communication, Language
  • Culture and Ethnicity
  • Group Processes
  • Intergroup Relations
  • Prejudice and Stereotyping
  • Self and Identity

Research Group or Laboratory:

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Journal Articles:

  • Amiot, C., & Bourhis, R. Y. (2005). Discrimination between dominant and subordinate groups: The positive-negative asymmetry effect and normative processes. British Journal of Social Psychology, 44, 289-308.
  • Amiot, C., & Bourhis, R. Y. (2005). Ideological beliefs as determinants of discrimination in positive and negative outcome distributions. European Journal of Social Psychology, 35, 581-598.
  • Amiot, C., & Bourhis, R. Y. (2003). Discrimination and the positive-negative asymmetry effect: Ideological and normative processes. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29, 597-608.
  • Barrette, G., Bourhis, R. Y., Personnaz, M., & Personnaz, B. (2004). Acculturation orientations of French and North African undergraduates in Paris. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 28, 415-438.
  • Bourhis, R., Montaruli, E., El-Geledi, S., Harvey, S. P., & Barrette, G. (2010). Acculturation in multiple host community settings. Journal of Social Issues, 66, 780-802.
  • Bourhis, R. Y., Barrette, G., El-Geledi, S., & Schmidt, R. (2009). Acculturation orientations and social relations between immigrants and host community members in California. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 40, 443-467.
  • Bourhis, R. Y., & Dayan, J. (2004). Acculturation orientations towards Israeli Arabs and Jewish immigrants in Israel. International Journal of Psychology, 39, 118-131.
  • Bourhis, R. Y., Montaruli, E., & Amiot, C. (2007). Language planning and French-English bilingual communication: Montreal field studies from 1977-1997. International Journal of the Sociology of Language, 185, 187-224.
  • Bourhis, R. Y., Montaruli, E., El-Geledi,S., Harvey, S. P., & Barrette, G. (2010). Acculturation in multiple host community settings. Journal of Social Issues, 66, 780-802.
  • Brauer, M., & Bourhis, R. Y. (2006). Social power. European Journal of Social Psychology, 36, 601-616.
  • El-Geledi, S., & Bourhis, R. Y. (2012). Testing the impact of the Islamic veil on intergroup attitudes and host community acculturation orientations toward Arab Muslims. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 36, 694-706.
  • Harvey, S. P., & Bourhis, R. Y. (2012). Discrimination in wealth and power structures. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 15, 21-38.
  • Montaruli, E., Bourhis, R. Y., & Azurmendi, M. J. (2011). Identity, language, and ethnic relations in the Bilingual Autonomous Communities of Spain. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 15, 94-121.
  • Montreuil, A., & Bourhis, R. Y. (2004). Acculturation orientations of competing host communities toward valued and devalued immigrants. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 28, 507-532.
  • Montreuil, A., & Bourhis, R. Y. (2001). Host majority acculturation orientations towards "valued" and "devalued" immigrants. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 32(6), 718-739.

Other Publications:

  • Bourhis, R. Y., El-Geledi, S., & Sachdev, I. (2007). Language, ethnicity and intergroup relations. In A. Weatherall, B. Watson & C. Galois (Eds.), Language, discourse and social psychology (pp. 15-50). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Bourhis, R. Y., & Gagnon, A. (2001). Social orientations in the minimal group paradigm. In R. Brown & S. Gaertner (Eds.), Intergroup processes: Blackwell handbook in social psychology (Vol. 4, pp. 89-111). Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.
  • Bourhis, R. Y., & Harvey, S. P. (2010). Intergroup allocation bias. In J. M. Levine & M. A. Hogg (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Group Processes and Intergroup Relations (Vol. 1, pp. 445-448). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  • Bourhis, R. Y., & Maass, A. (2005). Linguistic prejudice and stereotypes. No 155. In U. Ammon, N. Dittmar, K. J. Mattheier & P. Trudgill (Eds.), Sociolinguistics: An international handbook of the science of language and society (2nd ed., pp. 1587-1602). Berlin and New York: Walter De Gruyter.
  • Bourhis, R. Y., Sioufi, R., & Sachdev, I. (2012). Ethnolinguistic interaction and multilingual communication. In H. Giles (Ed.), The Handbook of Intergroup Communication (pp 100-115). New York: Routledge Taylor & Francis.

Courses Taught:

  • Contemporary Problems in Social Psychology
  • Psychology of Intergroup Relations
  • Psychology, Culture and Ethnicity
  • Workshop on Observation in Social Psychology

Richard Y. Bourhis
Department of Psychology
UQAM, C.P. 8888, Succ.Centre-ville
Universite du Quebec a Montreal
Montréal, Quebec H3C 3P8

  • Work: (514) 987-3000, ext. 4852
  • Home: (514) 931-8475
  • Fax: (514) 987-7953

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